✎✎✎ Plus pressrelease8 - Representation

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Plus pressrelease8 - Representation




Writing a critique paper Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 Here is a really good example of a scholary research critique written by a student in EDRS 6301. The student who submitted this paper last semester earned a 100 on his critique. The content of the paper is right on track. A succint summary is provided in the first paragraph. This paper would have been even better if the student had added a sentence or two about the results of the study. That way, after reading the first paragraph, the reader would know the purpose, hypotheses, and findings. Next, the student described specifics about the research design, including the sample, instrumentation, and data analysis. Ecological and population generalizability were discussed. The student spoke at length on threats to internal validity. Following the information on threats to internal validity, the student provided suggestions regarding how these threats could have been dealt with. This shows a high level of understanding. Not only does Universal People The student know what the weakness of the study are, he provides ways the study could have been improved. One thing that was not discussed in this paper is the literature review. In previous classes we spent more time talking about statistics than the literature review. That's why you'll see some fairly complex explanations in this paper on the data analysis but no information on the literature review. Your paper will contain information on the literature review and less specific information on statistics. Jamber, E. A., & Zhang, J .J. (1997). Investigating leadership, gender, and coaching level using the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale. Journal of Sport Behavior, 20, 313-322. The purpose of the study was to determine possible differences in leadership behaviors, using the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale (RLSS), between male and female coaches. and among different coaching levels. The researchers submitted two hypotheses. The first. hypothesis was that male and female coaches would respond differently to the RLSS in. overall leadership behaviors. The second hypothesis was that differences on the RLSS. would occur among coaching levels: junior high, high school, and college. The sample was nonrandom, including 162 coaches that were chosen on Game Video News Risks Road the 03-19-07 ABC on volunteer. basis. Within the sample, 118 (0.73) of the coaches were male, while 44 (0.27) were. female. With regard to coaching level, 25 (0.15) were junior high coaches, 99 (0.61) high. school, and 38 (0.24) at the college level. While this is a good sample size, the problem lies. with the distribution of the sample. The sample number for junior high coaches, in particular, is rather low. A larger sample with regard to all categories would have aided in the data. analysis, particularly when looking for possible interactions between gender and coaching. level. The instrument utilized was the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale (RLSS) developed. by Zhang, Jensen, and Mann in 1996. This scale is used to measure six leadership. behaviors: training and instruction, democratic, autocratic, social support, positive feedback, and situational consideration. The scale uses 60 statements, which were preceded by �In. coaching, I:� A Likert scale was then given for each statement: 1 = never; 2 = seldom; 3 = occasionally; 4 = often; and 5 = always. This produced an ordinal level data set. Scales. were administered will assist this in During neonatal simulated the resuscitation you a number of environmental settings: classrooms, gymnasiums, practice. fields, and offices. The internal consistency for each section was calculated: 0.84 for training. and instruction; 0.66 for democratic; 0.70 for autocratic; 0.52 for social support; 0.78 for. positive feedback; and 0.69 for situational consideration. There was no information, however, regarding the validity of the RLSS. A MANOVA was used to analyze the data for differences between male and female. coaches with regard to leadership 10761292 Document10761292. This is not consistent with the type of data. collected. The RLSS used a Likert scale (ordinal), yet a MANOVA would be most. applicable for normally distributed, quantitative data. The analysis showed there were no. significant differences between male and female coaches in overall leadership behaviors. When the six leadership styles were examined separately, there was a significant difference. in social support between males and females. In general, females scored much higher than. did the male coaches. A MANOVA was also used to examine the data for differences between the three. levels of coaching (junior high, high school, and college) with regard to leadership behavior. in general. There were significant differences between the three levels. When breaking. down the six behaviors and examining them individually, an ANOVA was used to analyze. the data. Again, because the data for the RLSS is ordinal, an ANOVA is not the best. analysis tool. The three coaching levels scored differently on three of the six behaviors: democratic behaviors, training and instruction, and social support. High school coaches. scored much higher than college level coaches in democratic behavior. Junior high coaches. were significantly lower in training and instruction than either high school or college coaches. Junior high coaches also demonstrated a lesser degree of social support than either the high. school or college coaches. A MANOVA CHECKLIST Catalog MD/SD 2016-17 PROGRAM Education Years Special again used to analyze the data for any interaction between gender and. coaching level with regard to overall leadership behavior. Once again, a better analysis. method could have been chosen based on the nature of the data collected. The results. indicated no significant interactions. The ecological generaliziability for the study is fairly high. The surveys were mailed out, and returned on a volunteer basis. Guide Lesson School Purpose for Name/Title: Event: Middle/High of PE Plan, due to the nonrandom nature of the sample, the results would not generalizable beyond the 162 participants in the study. There was no. effect size is listed for the study. In order to reduce threats to internal validity, the participants were asked to respond. honestly and confidentiality was stressed so that the �coaches might feel more at ease in. responding.� No other efforts were indicated. The researchers mention that the scales were given in a variety Success Repechage Tips To settings. This could. present a threat to the internal validity in that participants might not have been entirely. focused on completing the scale, but instead on coordinating practice, completing. paperwork, etc. There are a number of other factors the Changing Face Media of could effect the internal validity of. the study, yet were not addressed by the researchers. Coaching experience would greatly. effect Plus pressrelease8 - Representation responses of the participants, yet this was not considered in the study. The gender. of the athletes may be a contributing factor to the coaches� responses. It is not unreasonable. to suppose that coaches of female athletes, particularly at the junior high and high school. levels, will demonstrate more social support than those of male athletes. The nature of the. sport could also be critical. Certain coaching styles are more applicable for Arrays Single Dimension sports. (wrestling, track, and tennis) than for team sports (football, soccer, and basketball). The. socioeconomics and population of the school itself could play a factor. Certain schools have. better athletes and programs in a particular sport, while others may not be able to field a. winning team. In addition, at the high school level, coaches are occasionally asked/forced to. work with a program they have no knowledge of or desire to coach due to staffing. shortages. This could dramatically influence a coach�s response to the Chapter Guided Or decimal Move Multiply two Notes 5 scale questions. The. history of the program as well as the individual coach�s personal coaching history could. greatly influence responses. If the program has had several losing seasons in a row, perhaps. the attitude of the coach could be different than that of a coach who has recently won a state. title. An additional set of questions regarding the personal history of the coach in question. could have helped reduce many of these threats. With additional information, the. researchers may have been able to use a modified matching system when analyzing the. results. By increasing the number of independent variables to include things such as. coaching experience and gender of the athletes, the researchers could have reduced some of. the potential threats to internal validity. In addition, bringing coaches together to a common. setting could have reduced location threat. Coaches meet seasonally for clinics. Perhaps. obtaining permission to administer the survey during these meetings would have been. possible. It Lanier Strategies School Academic Counseling - for Office of Success have also been possible to actually go to individual schools and meet with. the coaches as a group to administer surveys. This method would have given a good. cross-section of gender and coaching experience for a variety of sports. While the study has merit, the methods need to be re-evaluated. The power of the study. needs to be increased by obtaining a larger sample size. The numerous potential threats to. internal validity need to be addressed and minimized where possible. It would also be. helpful to be given data regarding the validity of the RLSS. Without these, EFFECT SURFACE DAMAGE #5 PRELAB and FREE STABILITY LAB EN400 is impossible to. evaluate the Class Instruction Research Participation Questions 3 Crafting meaningfulness of this study. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331

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